Research Series (Economic Policy Research Centre) ISSN 2411-4499

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Tax Evasion, Informality and the Business Environment in Uganda
Uganda has recorded impressive economic growth rates over the last two decades. However despite the sustained period of growth, the tax effort measured by the tax-to-GDP ratio has stagnated between 10-13 percent of GDP over the same period. This paper provides some empirical evidence on how a poor business environment causes tax evasion. 
Trade Creation and Diversion Effects of the East African Community Regional Trade Agreement: A Gravity Model Analysis
This paper investigates the potential impact of the EAC on trade creation and diversion and seeks to establish whether the EAC Regional Trade Agreement has diverted or created trade using an expanded gravity model. Using a panel data set from 2001 to 2011 on seventy countries that trade mainly with the EAC partner states, static and dynamic random effects models were estimated. Results suggest that the implementation of the EAC treaty has created trade, contrary to popular belief that South-South RTAs largely divert trade. 
Accelerating Growth and Maintaining Intergenerational Equity Using Oil Resources in Uganda
Uganda discovered commercially viable oil deposits in 2006. Estimated oil resources as of December 2013 stood at 3.5 billion barrels. Since the discoveries, there has been much public debate on the types of public policies that the Government of Uganda (GoU) can implement in order to avoid or minimize the economic, social and political dislocations that have usually accompanied the exploitation of oil and gas in other African countries. 
Access and Use of Credit in Uganda: Unlocking the dilemma of financing smallholder farmers
The paper examines the extent of access and use of credit by small holder farmers in Uganda. Despite several interventions in agricultural financing by government, access to credit by smallholder farmers has remained very low and stagnating over the years. The paper reviews information from the various agricultural financing initiatives government has implemented over the years. 
Youth Engagement in Agriculture in Uganda: Challenges and Prospects
Amidst rising youth unemployment in Uganda, evidence reveals that youth engagement in agriculture is declining. It is likely that this will have implications for food security and employment, and could undermine government efforts to drive economic growth through agriculture. Using data from the Uganda National Panel Surveys of 2005/06 and 2009/10, this paper examines youth dynamics across different sectors and provides insights into the determinants of youth participation in agriculture. 
HIV/AIDS Prevention Interventions in Uganda: A Policy Simulation
The HIV/AIDS epidemic continues to be a major health challenge in Uganda. The adult HIV/AIDS prevalence rate increased from 6.4% in 2005/6 to 7.3% by 2011. This policy simulation estimates the potential costs and impact of expanding two HIV prevention methods: Safe Male Circumcision and Voluntary Counselling and Testing. 
Economic and Social Upgrading in Tourism Global Production Networks: Findings from Uganda
Over the last decade, Uganda has re-emerged as a global tourism destination after years of instability. The growth of Uganda's tourism Global Production Network (GPN), however, is slow and is characterised by a few elite firms and highly controlled travel through tightly coordinated distribution channels.
Constraints to Agricultural Technology Adoption in Uganda: Evidence from the 2005/06 - 2009/10 Uganda National Panel Survey
The study examines the determinants of improved agricultural technologies adoption in Uganda, using a nationally representative panel data set of 1,600 farming households, collected by the Ugandan Bureau of Statistics in 2005/6 and 2009/10. 
Institutional Constraints to Agriculture Development in Uganda
This study examines the institutional constraints affecting agricultural production in Uganda. Recommendations involve reforming the land tenure system as well as the architecture of the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries as a means of dealing with the major constraints.


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