Cost Effectiveness of Malaria Control Programmes in Uganda: The Case Study of Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLINS) and Indoor Residual Spraying

The Ministry of Health in Uganda estimates that in a given year, at least 12.3 million cases of malaria are reported across the country, with the highest prevalence among children aged 5 years and below and among pregnant women. The Government of Uganda has intervened with several malaria programmes including early detection among children and provision of intermittent treatment for pregnant women. Starting in 2000, the Government of Uganda intensified efforts to provide Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs) and Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLINs) as a primary means of preventing malaria. Despite the expansion of such programmes, malaria remained endemic and the government reintroduced Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) in 2006. This paper aims to assess the cost effectiveness of malaria control programmes in Uganda by comparing LLINs and IRS. Based on demographic data from the 2009 Uganda Malaria Indicator Survey, the results show that IRS is significantly more effective in preventing malaria among children 5 years and below - with an incremental cost per child covered of US$ 28 per year and gross cost of US$ 701 per death averted.
Date: 2011-06-06
Author: Ibrahim Kasirye & Gemma Ahaibwe
File Name: Cost Effectiveness of Malaria Control Programmes in Uganda - Case Study of Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets and Indoor Residual Spraying - RS 84.pdf
File Size: 2.14 MB
File Type: application/pdf
Created Date: 06-06-2011
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